Senufo Tchon Stool
- Tribe: Senufo
- Origin: Ivory Coast
- Approx Age: 80 years
- Materials: Wood
- Dimensions cm: 77 x 22
- Ref. Number: 0990
Stunning and enchanting Senufo Tchon Stool from a village named Gnonfouin, Korhogo region within the Ivory Coast, owed by the royal family Fayaha of Sinématiali. Wonderful character and presence seems to surround this old and used stool. This tchon stool, being over 80 years old, has been well used and its appearance is reflective of this fact. That said the cute zoomorphic head is very captivating and endearing. This particular style of Senufo stool is that of royalty, specifically for the queen to sit on. Being used when sitting with the villagers during meetings.
The Senufo are a group of people living in northern Cote d’Ivoire and Mali. They are known as excellent farmers and are made up of a number of different groups who moved south to Mali and Cote d’Ivoire in the 15 and 16th centuries.
The Senufo follow a strict caste-like system, in which the farmer is at the top and the musicians are on the bottom rung of the society.
Farming is a huge part of the Senufo culture even for those who do not belong to the farmer caste. A very communal society people will often take turns working on each others lands and trading off and on. There is almost always a group in each village which is made up of men ages 15-35 who work in fields and with what they are given provide a huge festival during the dry season for the village. Local games to see how fast someone can hoe a field are also performed to make the work more enjoyable. One of the great honors for a Senufo male is to become the sambali, or champion cultivator. The sambali is respected throughout the region and in his old age is given predominantly leadership roles. Another society for Senufo males is the poro. The poro is usually located in the forest and serves as a school for young men until they reach adulthood. Much sculptured work is made in the poro this is where much of the wood carvings, brass sculptures, and masks are made. Sometimes these are sold to local artisans.
The greatest achievement for a Senufo woman is the ability to cook well. If a girl or woman cannot cook well it is a great shame to the family, especially the mother. The woman’s society, known as the sandogo is mainly responsible for divination.
A very animistic society the Senufo believe that everything is a result of the ancestor spirits. If a ritual is not performed correctly then the spirit will cause draught, infertility, or prolonged illness.