Dogon Bogolan Tunic

Very striking and vibrant Dogon bogolan tunic with wonderful use of classic colour and motives.
Tribe: Dogon

Origin: Mali

Approx Age: Late 20th Century

Materials: Bogolan Cloth

Dimensions cm: 135 x 100

Ref. Number: M0600

£175.00 

Description:

Dogon Bogolan tunic made from the traditional Bogolan cloth of the Dogon people. Among many styles of clothing made by the Dogon with the Bogolan cloth, the boubou tunic is the most common. Traditional boubous are made of one large sheet of cloth, sewn with three seams to create sleeves and a collar. Upon reaching adulthood the young men receive a boubou, or shepherds tunic and once they have become an honorary figure in the society they add a shawl to make it a grand boubou.

History

The making of the Bogolan cloth is a long and time consuming process . After the cotton or wool has been carded, spun, and woven, it is time to begin the preliminary steps of dying the fabric. Modernization and globalization have widened the scope of cotton production, particularly in southern Mali. In the cooler north, sheep’s wool is more commonly used. Long woven strips of cloth called finimugu are sewn together to create larger swathes of cloth. A soak in an infusion of leaves from the n’tjankara and n’gallama trees, and a day of drying in the sun turns the cloth a deep saffron. In addition to preparing the cloth for mud dying, this yellow base makes the mud dye a richer brown. Now comes the stuff that this craft was named for: mud. Rather than sketching out any of the designs first, the artist visualizes the desired pattern and uses their hand to measure out how and where the patterns will play out on the cloth before outlining and then filling in each motif. The artist moves from the outside of the cloth in, filling in the surrounding areas once each pattern has been drawn out, and rinsing off the mud once it has dried sufficiently. Although several variations of mud application have arisen (spatula, stencil, and table), the method of pressing the mud into the cloth against a hard surface allows the mud to fully penetrate the fibres of the fabric. Traditional bogolan masters stretch the fabric over a calabash gourd and paint with sticks. To achieve the prized dark color, the painter must apply two coats of mud and soak it once again in the boiled leaf concoction to ensure that the color has fully penetrated the fabric and deepened to the richest tone possible. The results of all this intensive labour goes to produce such wonderful cloth that then is utilised for making richly sumptuous items of clothing. In the post colonial era the Boubou has been adopted as the mans national dress.

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